2. Methods

Field of Study
The study was carried out on the 2012 Secondary 1 cohort of SST.

Data Collection

The data for happiness and stress was gathered through an online survey. The platform used was google form. We had one survey for happiness and another for stress. The happiness survey is a combination of the survey used by the Office for National Statistics (ONS) in the UK to survey UK households [Trotman, 2011] and the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) developed by (Diener, et. al., 1985), with a total of 7 questions. The stress survey uses the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), created by Cohen et al (1983), with its scale reversed. Both surveys run on a point system with a 5-point scale. The surveying lasted one week, and the links to them were posted on the class blogs, facebook and emailed to the students.

The following are the survey questions:
Stress Questions
On a scale of 1-5,
In the last month how often have you:

1. Been happy of something that happened unexpectedly? 
2. Felt that you were able to control important things in your life? 
3. Felt confident and relaxed? 
4. Felt confident about your ability to handle your personal problems? 
5. Felt that things were going your way? 
6. Been unable to cope with all the things you had to do? 
7. Been able to control irritations in your life? 
8. Felt that you were on top of things? 
9. Not been angered because of things that happened that were out of your control?

Scale of 1-5.
1 - Never
2 - Occasionally

3 - Sometimes
4 - Frequently
5 - Always

The higher your score is, the less stressed you are.

Happiness Questions
On a scale of 1-5, 
how much do you agree with the following sentences:

1. In most ways my life is ideal.
2. The conditions of my life are excellent.
3. I am satisfied with my life.
4. So far I have gotten the important things I want in life.
5. I am optimistic about the future.
I felt very happy yesterday
I feel loved

Scale of 1-
1 - Strongly disagree
2 - Disagree

3 - Neutral
4 - Agree
5 - Strongly agree


The higher your score is, the happier you are.

The responses were then sent to a teacher, Ms Gwendolyn Lim Woan Yng, to collect the data for grades.

Data Analysis
The data for the stress survey was inverted as we realised that it could not be compared to the happiness level without inverting. We used SPSS Statistics version 21.0.0, developed by International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) in 2012, to create graphs which correlate the three variables. We then used the software to find a Spearman's Rank-Order Correlation Coefficient (Spearman Rank Correlation, n.d.) for each of the three relationships to find out the strength of the relationship.

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